About ntfy

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ntfy brings notification to your shell. It can automatically provide desktop notifications when long running commands finish or it can send push notifications to your phone when a specific command finishes. Confused? This video demonstrates some of this functionality:



$ sudo pip install ntfy
$ ntfy send test
# send a notification when the command `sleep 10` finishes
# this sends the message '"sleep 10" succeeded in 0:10 minutes'
$ ntfy done sleep 10
$ ntfy -b pushover -o user_key t0k3n send 'Pushover test!'
$ ntfy -t 'ntfy' send "Here's a custom notification title!"
$ echo -e 'backends: ["pushover"]\npushover: {"user_key": "t0k3n"}' > ~/.ntfy.yml
$ ntfy send "Pushover via config file!"
$ ntfy done --pid 6379  # pid extra
$ ntfy send ":tada: ntfy supports emoji! :100:"  # emoji extra
# Enable shell integration
$ echo 'eval "$(ntfy shell-integration)"' >> ~/.bashrc


The install technique in the quickstart is the suggested method of installation. It can be installed in a virtualenv, but with some caveats: Linux notifications require --system-site-packages for the virtualenv and OS X notifications don’t work at all.

Shell integration

ntfy has support for automatically sending notifications when long running commands finish in bash and zsh. In bash it emulates zsh’s preexec and precmd functionality with rcaloras/bash-preexec. To enable it add the following to your .bashrc or .zshrc:

eval "$(ntfy shell-integration)"

By default it will only send notifications for commands lasting longer than 10 seconds and if the terminal is focused. Terminal focus works on X11(Linux) and with Terminal.app and iTerm2 on MacOS. Both options can be configured via the --longer-than and --foreground-too options.

To avoid unnecessary notifications when running interactive programs, programs listed in AUTO_NTFY_DONE_IGNORE don’t generate notifications. For example:

export AUTO_NTFY_DONE_IGNORE="vim screen meld"


ntfy has a few features that require extra dependencies.
  • ntfy done -p $PID requires installing as ntfy[pid]
  • emjoi support requires installing as ntfy[emoji]
  • XMPP support requires installing as ntfy[xmpp]
  • Telegram support requires installing as ntfy[telegram]
  • Instapush support requires installing as ntfy[instapush]
  • Slack support requires installing as ntfy[slack]

To install multiple extras, separate with commas: e.g., ntfy[pid,emjoi].

Configuring ntfy

ntfy is configured with a YAML file stored at ~/.config/ntfy/ntfy.yml


The backends key specifies what backends to use by default. Each backend has its own configuration, stored in a key of its own name. For example:

    - pushover
    - simplepush
    - slack
    - linux
    - xmpp
    user_key: hunter2
    access_token: hunter2
    key: hunter2
    token: slacktoken
    recipient: "#slackchannel"
     jid: "user@gmail.com"
     password: "xxxx"
     mtype: "chat"
     recipient: "me@jit.si"

If you want mulitple configs for the same backend type, you can specify any name and then specify the backend with a backend key. For example:

    user_key: hunter2
    backend: pushover
    user_key: hunter2

See the backends below for available backends and options.

Pushover - pushover

Required parameters:
  • user_key
Optional parameters:
  • sound
  • priority
  • expire
  • retry
  • callback
  • api_token - use your own application token
  • device - target a device, if omitted, notification is sent to all devices
  • url
  • url_title
  • html

Pushbullet - pushbullet

Required parameter:
Optional parameters:
  • device_iden - a device identifier, if omited, notification is sent to all devices
  • email - send notification to pushbullet user with the specified email or send an email if they aren’t a pushullet user

Simplepush - simplepush

Required parameter:
  • key - Your Simplepush key, created by installing the Android App (no registration required) at https://simplepush.io

XMPP - xmpp

Requires parameters:
  • jid
  • password
  • recipient
Optional parameters
  • hostname (if not from jid)
  • port
  • path_to_certs
  • mtype (‘chat’ required for Google Hangouts)

Requires extras, install like this: pip install ntfy[xmpp].

To verify the SSL certificates offered by a server: path_to_certs = “path/to/ca/cert”

Without dnspython library installed, you will need to specify the server hostname if it doesn’t match the jid.

For example, to use Google Talk you would need to use: hostname = ‘talk.google.com’

Specify port if other than 5222. NOTE: Ignored without specified hostname

Telegram - telegram

Requires extras, install like this: pip install ntfy[telegram].

Requires ntfy to be installed as ntfy[telegram]. This backend is configured the first time you will try to use it: ntfy -b telegram send "Telegram configured for ntfy".

Pushjet - pushjet

Required parameter:
Optional parameters:
  • endpoint - custom Pushjet API endpoint

    (defaults to https://api.pushjet.io)

  • level - The importance level from 1(low) to 5(high)

  • link

Notifico - notifico

Required parameter:
  • webhook - The webhook link, created at https://n.tkte.ch/

    (choose Plain Text service when creating the webhook)

Slack - Slack

Requires extras, install like this: pip install ntfy[slack].

Required parameter:
  • token - The Slack service secret token, created in https://api.slack.com/web#authentication
  • recipient - The Slack channel or user to send notifications to. If you use the # symbol the message is send to a Slack channel and if you use the @ symbol the message is send to a Slack user.

Instapush - insta

Requires extras, install like this pip install ntfy[instapush].

Instapush does not support notification title. It sends template-driven notifications, so you have to setup you events on the dashboard first. The backend is called insta due to homonymy with the instapush python wrapper

Required parameters:
  • appid - The application id
  • secret - The application secret
  • event_name - The instapush event to be used
  • trackers - The array of trakers to use

Note on trackers: Trackers are placeholders for events (a sort of notification template). If you defined more than one tracker in your event you’ll have to provide more messages. At the moment, the only way to do so is to separate each message with a colon (:) character. You can also escape the separator character: Example:

ntfy -b insta send "message1:message2"
ntfy -b insta send "message1:message2\:with\:colons"

Prowl - prowl

Optional parameters:
  • api_key
  • provider_key
  • priority
  • url

Linux Desktop Notifications - linux

Works via dbus, works with most DEs like Gnome, KDE, XFCE and with libnotify.

The following dependecies should be installed.

$ sudo apt-get install libdbus-glib-1-dev libdbus-1-dev
$ pip install --user dbus-python

You will need to install some font that supports emojis (in Debian fonts-symbola or Gentoo media-fonts/symbola).

Windows Desktop Notifications - win32

Uses pywin32.

Mac OS X Notification Center - darwin

Requires ntfy to be installed globally (not in a virtualenv).

System log - systemlog

Uses the syslog core Python module, which is not available on Windows platforms.

Optional parameters:
  • prio - Syslog priority level. Default is ALERT. Possible values are:

    • EMERG
    • ALERT
    • CRIT
    • ERR
    • NOTICE
    • INFO
    • DEBUG
  • facility - Syslog facility. Default is LOCAL5. Possible values are:

    • KERN
    • USER
    • MAIL
    • DAEMON
    • AUTH
    • LPR
    • NEWS
    • UUCP
    • CRON
    • SYSLOG
    • LOCAL0
    • LOCAL1
    • LOCAL2
    • LOCAL3
    • LOCAL4
    • LOCAL5
    • LOCAL6
    • LOCAL7
  • fmt - Format of the message to be sent to the system logger. The title and the message are specified using the following placeholders:

    • {title}
    • {message}

    Default is [{title}] {message}.

Pushalot - pushalot

Required parameter:
Optional parameters:
  • source - source of the notification
  • ttl - message expire time in minutes (time to live)
  • url - URL to include in the notifications
  • url_title - visible URL title (ignored if no url specified)
  • image - URL of image included in the notifications
  • important - mark notifications as important
  • silent - mark notifications as silent

Other options

Title is configurable with the title key in the config. Example:

title: Customized Title

Backends ToDo


python setup.py test


Indices and tables